外研版英语 七年级下册重点短语、句型、语法(下)!

英语周报订阅号2018-04-15 20:45:33



Module7 My past life 


【重点短语】


1. primary school  小学

2. the name of…  ……的名字
3. be born  出生
4. in England  在英格兰
5. in Shanxi Province  在山西省
6. quite difficult  非常困难
7. on the east coast of America  在美国东海岸
8. twelve years ago  12年前
9. lots of things to do  许多要做的事情
10. last year 去年
11. last weekend  上周末
12. from…to…  从…到…


【重点句子】


1. Where were you born?  你在哪里出生?

2. I was born in…  我出生在…… 

3. What was the name of the village? 那个村庄叫什么?

4. Who was your first teacher?  你的第一位老师是谁?

5. She was very friendly. 她非常友好。 

6. What were they like? 他们当时是怎样的?

7. What were you like? 你当时是怎样的?

8. There were lots of things to do in Quincy.在昆西有很多事情可以做。

9. There was a big living room with a TV, a kitchen, a bathroom and three bedrooms.有一间大的起居室,里面有一台电视机,还有一间厨房,一个卫生间和三间卧室。

10. On my bedroom walls there were pictures of my favourite movie stars. 在我卧室的墙壁上,贴有我最喜欢的影星的图片。

11. Behind the house, there was a big garden with lots of trees and there was a small lake with fish in it. It was great to play there.房子后面有一个大花园,花园里有很多树,还有一个小湖里面有鱼。在那里玩耍真好。

12. I was there for the last time in 2010. 我最近一次住在那里是在2010年。


【重点语法】

M7—M10 一般过去时 


一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作。 


一. 动词过去式变化规则: 


1.一般在动词末尾如加ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked 

2.不发音的字母e结尾的单词末尾加d,如:taste-tasted  hope-hoped  

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加ed,如:stop-stopped     

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i,再加-ed,如:study-studied   worry-worried 5.


不规则动词过去式:    


 am/is-was  are-were do-did  see-saw say-said  give-gave  get-got  go-went  come-came  have-had  eat-ate  take-took  run-ran  sing-sang  put-put  make-made  read-read  write-wrote  draw-drew  drink-drank  fly-flew  ride-rode  speak-spoke  sweep-swept  buy-bought  swim-swam  sit-sat  bring-brought  can-could  cut-cut  become-became begin-began  draw-drew  feel-felt  find-found  forget-forgot  hear-heard  keep-kept  know-knew  learn-learnt(learned) leave-left let-let  lose-lost  meet-met  read-read  sleep-slept  speak-spoke  take-took  teach-taught  tell-told  write-wrote  think-thought 


二.句子结构    一般过去时的助动词did 


1. 陈述句  

主语+动词过去式+其他                  

主语+was/were not+其他      

主语+didn’t +动词原形+其他   

Jim went home yesterday.

Jim didn’t go home yesterday. 


2.一般疑问句     be/助动词did提到主语前 

Was/Were+主语+其他   答语:Yes, 主语+was/were./  No,主语+wasn't/weren't. 

Did+主语+动词原形+其他   答语:Yes, 主语+did./  No,主语+didn’t. 


3.特殊疑问句  特殊疑问词+一般疑问句  

(1).What did Jim do yesterday? 

(2).Who went to home yesterday? 


三. 常用时间状语 


yesterday,  the day before yesterday,  last week/night/month/year…,时间段+ago 多久以前,after+时间点=时间段+later 多久以后,just now 刚刚, the other day 前几天/不久前某天,in the past 在过去, in+过去时间,in 2001 在2001年


Module8 Story time


【重点短语】


1. once upon a time  从前

2. in the forest  在森林里
3. look into  向…里面看去
4. knock on the door 敲门
5. a girl with hair of gold 一个留着金色头发的女孩

6. begin with  以…开始

7. go for a walk  去散步
8. pick up 捡起,拾起
9. pick some flowers 摘一些花
10. look around  环视,四下张望
11. in pieces 破碎
12. at first 首先,最初
13. sit down 坐下
14. point at  指着
15. walk into the bedroom 走进卧室
16. jump out of bed 跳下床
17. be asleep 睡着
19. change into 变成…
20. again and again  一遍又一遍
21. around the world 全世界

【重点句子】


1. All alone in the dark forest, Goldilocks picked some flowers. 金凤花姑娘独自走进了阴暗的森林里,摘了一些花。

3. Then she noticed a little house, so she hurried towards it, and knocked on the door. 她注意到一栋小房子,于是她赶快朝那栋房子走了过去,敲了敲门。

4. Nobody answered, so she knocked again, and again. 没人回应,于是她又反复的敲门。 

5. On a table there were three bowls with some nice food in them. 在一张桌子上有三个碗,碗里盛着好吃的东西。

6. The little bowl was just right. She finished all the food in it. 小碗里的正好,她把小碗里的东西全吃光了。

7. It was not comfortable either. 它也不舒服。

8. Soon the chair was in pieces. 那把椅子一会儿就散架了。

9. Very soon she was asleep in it. 很快她就在小床上睡着了。

10. Then Baby Bear pointed at the little girl in his bed.
小熊指了指他床上的小女孩。

11. Goldilocks jumped out of bed and hurried out of the house without her basket.金凤花姑娘从床上跳了下来,也顾不上提篮子,便冲出了房间。


Module9 Life history


【重点短语】


1. at the age of  在…岁时
2. Spring Festive 春节
3. Teacher’s Day 教师节
4. be different from 与…不同
5. Women’s Day 妇女节
6. find out  发现 
7. National Day  国庆节
8. on the Internet  在网上
9. Children’s Day  儿童节
10. as well  也
11. New Year’s Day  新年
12. leave school  离开学校
13.May Day/Labour Day  劳动节
14. in many other languages  用许多其他的语言
15. half an hour 半小时
16. half past five 五点半 
17. be worth doing 值得做
18. get married  结婚

【重点句子】


1. I’m writing about him for my English class. 我在写关于他的介绍,上英语课要用的。

2. We can find out about him on the Internet. 我们可以在网上找到关于他的资料啊。

3. He left school and began work at the age of 12. 他12岁就离开学校开始了工作了。

4. But he took the name Mark Twain and became very famous in the 1860s. 不过在19世纪60年代,他用了马克•吐温这个名字,并且变得很有名。

5. Like many people four hundred years ago, Shakespeare’s parents didn’t learn to read or write. 像四百多年前的许多人一样,莎士比亚的父母不识字。

6. At school he liked plays, so he decided to be an actor when he finished school at 14. 在他14岁毕业的时候,他决定成为一名演员。

7. He became a successful actor and began to write plays. 他成为了一名成功的演员,并开始写剧本。

8. You can visit the theatre today, but it isn’t the same building. 今天你还可以去参观那个剧院,不在已是当年那个建筑了。

9. There was a fire in the old theatre. 老剧院发生过火灾。

10. William Shakespeare died at the age of 52. 威廉•莎士比亚52岁去世。

11. You can still see his plays in English and in many the languages. 你现在依然可以看见他的戏剧以英文和其他许多语言在演出。

12. He’s famous around the world. 他举世闻名。


Module10 A holiday journey


【重点短语】


2. drive us to their home  开车带我们去他们家
3. go swimming  去游泳
4. get there 到那儿
5. a special holiday  一个特殊的假期
6. at the airport  在机场
7. have a good time 玩得高兴
8. be with sb. 和某人一起 
9. on holiday 度假 
10. by plane 坐飞机
11. such as 例如
12. the day before yesterday 前天
13. take a walk 散步
14. many world-famous works of art  许多世界著名的艺术品
15. first of all  首先
16. wait in line  排队等候 
17. spend all day 花整天时间
18. take lots of photos  照许多照片


【重点句子】


1. —Where are you going on holiday, Tony? 你打算去哪儿度假,托尼? 

—To Los Angeles. 去洛杉矶。 

2. I went there two years ago and enjoyed it a lot. 我两年前去过,玩的很开心。

3. How long did it take to get there? 你花了多长时间去那里?

4. Then our friends met us and drove us to their home. 然后我们的朋友去接我们,开车带我们到他们家。

5. Guess what? 你猜怎么着?

6. We stayed there for two days. 我们在那里呆了两天。

7. Jenny and I arrived by plane the day before yesterday. 珍妮和我前天坐飞机到的。

8. We were tired so we relaxed at home and began our tour of the city yesterday. 我们感觉很累,所以我们在家休息,昨天开始在市里观光。

9. It has many world-famous works of art, such as the Mona Lisa. 它有许多世界闻名的艺术品,比如《蒙娜•丽莎》。

10. This morning we took a walk. 今天上午我们去散步了。

11. We also did some shopping. I bought a present for you. I hope you’ll like it! 我们也买了些东西,我也给你买了件礼物,希望你会喜欢。

12. There were lots of tourists, so first of all, we had to wait in line for an hour, and then we went to the top. We waited till all the lights were on. 有很多游客,所以我们得排队等一个小时,后来我们到了塔顶。我们在那儿一直等到所有的灯都亮了起来。

13. Tomorrow we’re going to visit a famous palace and take a boat tour on the River Seine. 我们明天要去参观一个著名的宫殿,还要乘船游览塞纳河。


Module11 Body language 


【重点短语】


1. body language  肢体语言
3. nod head  点头
4. best friend  最好的朋友
5. shake hands  握手
6. each other 互相
8. foreign students 外国学生
9. in fact 事实上
7. stand close to 站得离......近
8. be late for class 上课迟到
9. move away  离开,搬走
10. class rules  班规
11. listen to 听 
12. stand in line  站成一排
13. enter the lab alone  独自进入实验室
14. on time  准时,按时

【重点句子】


1. I’m welcoming the visitors. 
我要去迎接这些参观者。

2. How do I do that? 我该怎么做呢?

3. I didn’t know that. 我(原来)可不知道。

4. We Chinese often shake hands and smile when we meet visitors, and sometimes we nod our heads . 我们中国人见到来访者的时候经常握手、微笑,有时候点头示意。

5. That’s because people do different things in different countries.那是因为不同的国家的人做法不同。

6. Our new foreign students are going to arrive very soon, and here are some ways to welcome them. 
我们的外国新生很快就要到了。下面是迎接他们的一些方式。

7. How close do you stand when you talk to a friend? 当你和朋友交谈时站得有多近呢?

8. But don’t stand too close to…但是不要站的离……太近!

9. Give them more personal space. 给他们更多的个人空间。

10. How about touching people? 那么关于身体接触呢?

11. Chinese girls often walk arm in arm with their friends.中国女孩就常常和朋友手挽着手走在一起。

12. But in Britain many people don’t like other people to touch them at all. 但在英国,许多人一点也不喜欢别人碰他们。

13. In some places, it isn’t polite to look at people when they talk, but in other countries it isn’t polite to look somewhere else. 在一些地区,交谈时看着对方是不礼貌的,但在另外一些国家,交谈时看别的地方是不礼貌的。

14. And how do you say goodbye? That’s easy. Wave to say goodbye. 如何表示告别呢?那很简单,挥手告别。

15. In Greece, it’s not at all polite! In fact, it’s very rude!在希腊,那绝对是不礼貌的!事实上,那是很粗鲁的!


【重点语法】

祈使句 


祈使句用来表达叮嘱、劝告、希望、禁止、请求或者命令等。特点是: 1. 祈使句没有主语,可以理解为省略主语you;2. 以动词原形开头,没有时态和数的变化。 


祈使句类型

肯定形式 :动词原形开头   

Sit down, please. 请坐。                              

Hurry up!     快点!                                  

Be quiet.     安静点儿。                              

Let’s go.     我们走吧。 

否定形式:Don’t+ v.原形;No+ n./doing     

Don’t be late again. 不要再迟到了。           

No smoking. 禁止吸烟。


Module12 Western music


【重点短语】


1. Beijing Opera  京剧
2. the capital of Austria 奥地利首都
3. think about 认为,考虑
4. pop music 流行音乐
5. Western Music  西方音乐
6. dance to  随着…跳舞
7. the center of …的中心
8. European classical music  欧洲古典音乐
9. on the river 在…河畔
10. hundreds of wonderful pieces of music 数以百计的美妙的乐曲
11. play music  演奏音乐
12. traditional music 传统音乐
13. take place 发生
14. at the same time 同时
15. watch it on TV 在电视上观看
16. types of music 音乐的类型
17. the rest of 其余的... 
18. in the last ten years 在过去的十年里
19. at that time  在那时


【重点句子】


1. This is Western music, isn’t it? 这是西方音乐,是吧?

2. —Is this by Strauss or Mozart? 这是斯特劳斯还是莫扎特的作品?       

—It’s by Strauss. 它是斯特劳斯的作品。

3. Do you know anything about him?你了解他吗?

4. What a beautiful city! 多么美丽的城市!
5. This is called The Blue Danube. 这首乐曲叫《蓝色多瑙河》。
6. It goes through Vienna. 它流经维也纳。

7. Listen to this fantastic voice. 你听这绝妙的嗓音。

8. I’m a fan of rock music. 我是一个摇滚乐迷。

9. Give us a break! 让我们清净一会吧!(饶了我们吧!!)

10. It’s so noisy! And much too fast!   太吵了!而且节奏太快了。

11. I don’t believe it! 我简直无法相信! 

12. Vienna is a beautiful old city on the River Danube in the centre of Europe. 维也纳是位于欧洲中部多瑙河畔的一座古老而美丽的城市。

13. The father, Johann Strauss the elder, wrote and played music for traditional dances, called the waltz. 父亲老约翰•斯特劳斯创作并演奏一种叫华尔兹的古典舞曲。 

14. His dance music made him famous all over Europe. 他的舞曲让他闻名于欧洲。

15. He wrote over 150 waltzes. 他谱写了150多首华尔兹舞曲。
16. Mozart was another very important composer. 莫扎特是另一位非常重要的艺术家。

17. Before he was six, he played not only the piano but also the violin. 他不到六岁就不仅会弹钢琴,还会拉小提琴。

18. His family took him around Europe and he gave concerts in many cities. 他的家人带着他周游欧洲并在许多城市巡回演出。

19. He wrote hundreds of wonderful pieces of music. 他谱写了几百部动人的音乐作品。

20. But he became very poor and died in 1791 when he was only 35. 但是他后来变得很贫困,于1791年去世年仅35岁。


【重点语法】


1. 感叹句:感叹句由what或是how引导。 


(1)what是形容词,后面加名词或是名词性短语。 

What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 + (主语+谓语)!

What a clever boy (he is)! 

What + 形容词 + 可数名词复数 + (主语+谓语)!       

What beautiful flowers (they are)! 

What + 形容词 + 不可数名词 + (主语+谓语)!         

What exciting news (it is)! 


(2)how是副词,后面加形容词/副词或短语。  

How + 形容词 + (主语 + 谓语)!  

How clever (the boy is)! 

How + 形容词+a/an+可数名词单数 +( 主语 + 谓语)!    

How clever a boy (he is)! 

How + 副词 + (主语 + 谓语)!    

How fast (he runs)!  


2. 选择疑问句    or 连接两个并列成分。

回答选择疑问句时,不能用Yes / No来回答,一般用一个完整的陈述句或其简略形式,主语和谓语均省略。 

—Are you going to borrow a dictionary or a magazine?    

—A magazine.


3. 反义疑问句 相当于汉语中的反问句 


(1)结构:陈述分句+反问分句 

You like your job, don’t you ? 


(2)前肯后否,前否后肯

He doesn’t like the painting,  does he ? 

Your sister hardly goes to school by bus, does she?           

Few students can work out the problem, can they? 


(3)回答: 肯定用yes,否定用no   注意翻译方式。 

Mr. Wang is a doctor , isn’t he ?  

Yes, he is. / No, he isn’t.  










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